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Opening Pre-Android Studio 3 Projects

The Android Operating System (OS) is constantly evolving due to bug fixes, security updates, new Android versions and features, and support for new hardware. This means updates to the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) and the Android Studio Integrated Development Environment (IDE) happen often.

Each release or update to Android Studio brings changes that can affect existing projects. These changes can affect the build tools, Gradle based build system configuration, the Studio IDE, and the installed libraries. This can impact previous projects. This may mean that a project that opened, built and ran in a previous version of Studio now shows error messages and may fail to build in a newer version of Studio. This article gives some help in fixing issues that occur when opening previous Android projects in a new version of Android Studio.

Android Studio Starting

Checking the Studio Status Bar

Tip: When Android Studio is performing an action on a project the bottom status bar will show messages. This is useful to see if an action is being performed and you need to wait for it to finish before continuing.

Studio Status Bar

Gradle Project Sync Failed

When opening an old Studio project it will have been configured with a previous version of the Gradle build tools. Studio may display a message:

Gradle project sync failed. Basic functionality (e.g. editing, debugging) will not work properly.

Gradle project sync failed

The Studio Messages screen (selected using the bottom tabs above the bottom status bar) will contain a link to fix the problem. If no link exists it will just display a minimum supported Gradle error message:

Minimum Support Gradle Error

If so press the Try Again link first:

Gradle Sync Try Again

The Messages tab will then display a link:

Fix Gradle wrapper and re-import project Gradle settings

Fix Gradle Wrapper

Click the link and watch the bottom status bar for progress.

An Android SDK Build Tools error message may display. See the next section on resolving that error.

Removing buildToolsVersion from build.gradle

The Studio Gradle build tools now default to a specific version. Therefore, the build.gradle for the app does not need the buildToolsVersion line. A message will displayed to indicate this:

Android Build Tools Version Message

To fix this message delete the buildToolsVersion line from the app's build.gradle file. The project can then be synced with the updated build.gradle. Use the Sync Project with Gradle Files option under Android from the Tools menu.

Viewing Installed Build Tools Versions

To see the build tools installed use the SDK Manager, opened via the toolbar icon.

Open SDK Manager

Use the SDK Tools tab and the Show Package Details check box to see the Build Tools versions installed.

Android Build Tools Versions

This is reflected in the build-tools directory under the Android SDK install location.

Android Build Tools Location

Manifest Merger Failed Error, Change SDK Version Numbers

Opening projects in newer versions of Studio may require updates to the minSdkVersion, targetSdkVersion and compileSDKVersion settings. If libraries drop support for older versions of Android then minSdkVersion will need to be increased. For example, at the time of writing Admob for Android only supports Android API 14 (Ice Cream Sandwich) and later. This means minSdkVersion would need setting to 14 at least. Likewise to support new Android Oreo (API 26) features the targetSdkVersion and compileSDKVersion is set to at least 26.

The minSdkVersion, targetSdkVersion and compileSDKVersion are changed in the app's build.gradle file (in the app directory in the project tree). Again use the Sync Project with Gradle Files option under Android from the Tools menu when the SDK version values are changed.

Updating Dependencies

An app may need to link to a newer version of a library, e.g. the Android Support Library. If the version number of a library is increased in the dependencies section of the app's build.gradle file then a Failed to resolve error may be displayed:

Failed to Resolve Error

Click the Add Google Maven repository and sync project link in the error message for the project to get the updated dependency. A minimum supported Gradle error may be seen after an update from a repository. Clicking the Gradle update link and re-syncing Gradle should resolve that error.

Gradle Sync Message

When opening a project after a Studio update, Studio may display the message: Gradle settings for this project are not configured yet.

Gradle Settings not Configured

Click OK for Studio to automatically perform the Gradle configuration.

Mike Bugdroid the Android Logo

See Also

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